Introduction

The primary function of walls in buildings are to support roofs,
floors and ceilings and to enclose a space as part of the building envelope along with a roof to give buildings form. Walls are one of the important part in buildings to provide shelter and serve as security. In addition, the wall may house various types of utilities such as electrical wiring or plumbing.
So Wall is a structure defining an exact area and providing safety & shelter. Wall construction falls into two basic categories: framed walls or mass-walls.

  1.  framed walls: the load is transferred to the foundation through posts, columns or studs. Framed walls most often have three or more separate components: the structural elements (such as 2×4 studs in a house wall),
    insulation, and finish elements or surfaces (such as drywall or panelling).
  2. Mass-walls: these are of a solid material including
    masonry, concrete including slipform stonemasonry, log building, cordwood construction, adobe, rammed earth, cob,
    earthbag construction, bottles, tin cans, straw-bale construction, and ice.

Also check: Wall in building construction

Wall construction materials

Different types of materials use in constructions of wall are mainly for security, supports or serve as decoration to most buildings. In this article you’ll get to know different materials use for wall construction.

1. Concrete Blocks: Concrete block is one of the most use material for wall construction. They are very modern and sophisticated material because it is artificially produced with sand and cement. in spite of the common belief that concrete blocks leave a very sterile impression, this material plays extraordinary well with the Spanish architectural style. Concrete walls are usually designed to be set on a compacted gravel base and remain strong even when you apply pressure.

Important of concrete block in wall construction

  1. A concrete wall can often last up to a whole century.
  2. Concrete blocks come in different shapes and sizes, it can be used to create curves.
  3. Concrete block walls are usually much easier to install.
  4. Concrete blocks has low maintenance; the blocks can be clean once in a year.
  5. Concrete walls are non-toxic and they do not emit allergens or dangerous chemicals.

2. Stone veneer: Stone Veneer also known as natural stone is a high protective material that can be used as a decorative covering for vertical walls and surfaces. That means, the veneer itself is a purely aesthetic element and it needs a solid core to even work as a wall.

Important of Stone veneer in wall construction

  1. The natural stone is a powerhouse build material. Stone structures are capable of withstanding centuries of abuse, and your retaining wall will be capable as well.
  2. Natural stone doesn’t fade, and crack.
  3. Natural stone has a very beautiful aesthetics and texture. Beautiful patterns, unique shapes or even the lichen growing on the rock are very hard to be emulated by other materials.
  4. Stone veneer is reasonably light, it makes building the wall much easier.
  5. The solid core can be built in literally any thickness or height.

3. Poured Concrete: Poured or cast in place concrete is a very popular architectural option produced by pouring the concrete directly into the forms on the site. Since it looks very clean-cut and sterile, poured concrete plays along the best with the modern-looking surrounding and it ability to support the soil load depends on weather conditions and other elements.

Important of Poured concrete

  1. Poured concrete is more stronger than block wall
  2. Concrete can be poured in any form; different shapes can be design.
  3. The final appearance is attractive, i.e it can also serve as decoration to building
  4. Poured concrete makes incorporating other architectural elements like, for instance, drainage systems very easy.

4. Brick: Brick is one of the most popular building materials, and it is very easy to see the appeal. bricks feature a very warm and inviting look. It is mostly used in traditional homes and landscapes. But, the look can push some building material only so far. Bricks have a lot of other good things working for them as well.

Important of brick in wall construction

  1. Maintainance of bricks are low
  2. Bricks are made of fine soil
  3. Bricks are made out of some of the most abundant and eco-friendliest materials in the world
  4. Bricks are good resistance of fire and weather
  5. Bricks don’t need any damp proofing materials

5. Wood: Wood materials have been with us for long because it natural, wood lend the space they occupy a sense of nostalgia and warmth and they are made out of widely accessible materials.

Important of wood in wall construction

  1. They are install easily
  2. They can be easily dismantle
  3. They are easy to maintain
  4. They are very lightweight material

6. Boulders: Boulder walls are one of the oldest and the best lasting wall that exist. They are widely available and ready to use even without any additional refining. At the same time, they retain most of the positive aspects of the furnished stones and can last you a century.

Importance of boulders in wall construction

  1. Boulders colors and sizes are extremely easy to obtain at a very affordable price
  2. Boulders are a great match for any kind of rustic home or landscaping design.

7. Gabion: This is also one of the oldest method of building the walls. The name Gabion is derived from the Italian world gabbia which stand for cage. So Gabion are simple cages made out of wire or steel rods and usually filled with rock or rubble. Although they had the widest application in the times of war (during the Civil War, gabion walls were built to protect the soldiers), their ability to play along with virtually any kind of recycled material (e.g. crushed concrete) earned them a very loyal following amongst the modern eco-aware audience.

8. Timber: wood and timber are not considered to be the same building material. Well, at least not quite. The word timber is used to describe any stage of wood after the tree has been cut. The so-called “finished” timber is the wood that’s been processed and cut in various sizes, but still column in nature. As we can see, that makes timber a very different building material from the planks we mentioned above.

9. Natural stone: Natural stone walls are very similar to boulder walls. The only obvious alteration is that natural stone pieces are much smaller. But, that makes all the difference in the world. Natural stone, therefore, retains all the good qualities of other types of stone (tradition, strength, durability), while allowing you much more design options than, for instance, boulder pieces.

10. Limestone: Limestone is a sedimentary rock, composed of skeletal fragments left over by the marine organisms (mostly corals and mollusks). Its primary materials are calcite and aragonite. Although that may probably make you think limestone is more fragile than traditional rock, you have to remember that some of the most long-lasting structures in the world like Taj Mahal and Great Pyramids of Giza were made out of this material.

11. Plastic: plastic mainly used as polymers in the construction industry, they form a relatively small percentage of the building materials use in the world.

12. Glass: Glass has become an exceedingly important material in the urban scape. Not just corporate offices, but even modern homes are using glass as a façade alternative.

13. Metal: Aluminum and steel alloys form a big part of the construction industry across the globe and are in fact the framework for big structures.